Melatonin is a natural compound created by the brain in the pineal gland. Darkness stimulates the release of melatonin and it’s at its highest in the blood before bedtime. It’s antioxidant properties so frequently supplements of melatonin are utilised to treat sleep issues.
Our sleep cycle can be interrupted for a variety of reasons like jet lag so often it’s prescribed as a medication to be used to modulate the sleep/wake cycle particularly when someone is traveling. However, long-term usage can have health effects so that it needs to be used with care over long intervals.
Some of the common side effects of melatonin use include the following:
Reduction in concentration and endurance levels particularly when driving or performing any sort of mechanical or strenuous work.
Nightmares or confusion or sleep walking.
Nausea or giddiness.
Weakness and listlessness.
Anyone who’s taking drugs like blood thinners or anticoagulants, diabetes medications, immuno-suppressants or birth control pills should consult their physician before taking melatonin. If you suffer from depression, epilepsy, disorders of the immune system or have liver or kidney problems, you should get advice from your doctor. Those that are pregnant or are expecting pregnancy or breastfeeding should also avoid taking melatonin unless advised by a doctor.
The side effects of melatonin with one of these conditions can interact poorly with other drugs or create other health problems. If you don’t find any positive effects when taking melatonin following a period of one to three times you should stop taking it well or seek advice from your doctor. It’s only advised for adults and kids shouldn’t be given melatonin.